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What is Obesity?

Obesity is a disease characterized by excess weight, due to a surplus of fat. Adipocytes (fat cells of the body) increase in size and/or number, and results in a decrease in the quality of life and health of those who suffer from it, in addition to the aesthetic problem it poses and which, in many cases, leads to psychic disorders.

It can be said that a woman 160 cm tall and weighing 70 kg can be said to be obese, but it could also be so with 56 kg, since, although this would theoretically be a weight proportional to her height, we must take into account the qualitative factor in addition to the quantitative one; that is, the way in which this fat is distributed. We can, therefore, say that obesity is a question of harmony.

Obese people are usually people distressed by their problem, which makes it harder to cope with a solution. People with excess fat prefer to make excuses to delay starting a diet or treatment. How many times have we heard people say:”After Christmas, I’ll start to eat”,”When spring comes I’ll lose weight”, affirmations that have been repeated over the years, without ever putting a definitive remedy.

It is also common to hear that fat is congenital and that a treatment is not worth it since the kilos lost during its follow up are recovered once finished. This is wrong because we have a completely correctable pathology.

Any diet program requires a lot of effort. The person who suffers from obesity knows this and fears that he or she will not have sufficient willpower and that this will result in a possible failure. For that reason, many people turn to quick fixes,”magic” pills or utopian treatments without diet.

If you are obese, always keep in mind that to lose weight you need motivation (if you don’t start, you will fail) and will (with will, a thousand resources; without will, a thousand excuses).

Causes of Obesity

The many tricks, which have been talked about and written so much to lose weight, do not correspond in any way to reality because obesity does not obey a single cause. Obese people have reached that extreme generally due to multiple factors ranging from heredity (hyperplastic obesity, congenital obesity) to a whole series of circumstances that can drag them into excess weight throughout life (acquired or hypertrophic obesity).

Obesity acquired depends fundamentally on:

  1. Hormonal imbalances; small endocrine disruptions, especially of the hypothalamic axis, thyroid and pancreas.
  2. Bad habits; sedentary lifestyle, stress, alcohol and sugar abuse, fast eating and unbalanced food intake in quantity or quality.

Causes of Obesity

Fatty tissue is made up of 25 billion adipocytes (fat cells).

This number is more or less constant in the normal individual, but can be increased by excessive multiplication in the first year of life (hyperplastic obesity) or the volume of adipocyte (hypertrophic or acquired obesity) can also grow. You can fight against increasing the volume of adipocytes, but not against the number of adipocytes. Why is that? Because the number of adipocytes is established during the first year of life. Therefore, it is very important to take good care of the child’s diet during this period, as the cellular program will be established for life.

It is very important to be very careful with your baby’s feeding for the first 12 months of life and to discard the widespread belief of many mothers that the healthiest baby is the fattest.

Obesity is constituted under a set of conditions whose fundamental element will be the excess of caloric contribution according to the needs of the organism. It is believed that in the human organism there is a center called set point or regulation point, which acts as a weight thermostat, and that in obese people is usually altered. This explains the fact that many overweight people, who continue to eat the same amount/quality of food, reach a point where they don’t get fatter. It is unlikely that the maximum weight will be reached in the first fattening, but it is reached at successive times and is generally stabilized before the age of 50.

When you lose weight and then regain weight, this center is altered, causing what is called the “rebound effect”, a phenomenon that also appears when you lose too much (underweight) or when certain drugs (amphetamines) are used to lose weight.

The lack of physical activity makes the regulating mechanism of the set point less effective.

Grease in the Body

Fatty tissue is a normal constituent of the human body, with important energy reserve functions that the body uses when needed. It is also a thermal insulator and body shock absorber.
Normally, a person should have between 1520 percent fat. In this way, a 70 kg man has between 11-14 kg of fat.

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